The food issue is the 2nd of the 17 points in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and, currently, Indonesia still faces many challenges in increasing food utilization. Regarding food safety, the current regulations still need to be updated. The capacity of food safety monitoring and education organizations for the community also needs to be improved. To increase food diversity, the formulation of the Hope Food Pattern (PPH) score needs to be improved to target a lower proportion of carbohydrate intake and a higher proportion of fruit and vegetable intake following the balanced nutrition guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health. Regarding efforts to improve nutrition, although several important things have been done to improve nutrition-sensitive and nutrition-specific interventions, the effectiveness of these efforts needs to be improved by increasing the awareness and knowledge of all stakeholders at all levels of government and making them more thorough and integrated. In addition, the government also needs to pay more attention to the availability of micronutrient deficiencies data which can be used as a basis for overcoming all aspects of the three burdens of malnutrition, such as through food fortification.
Furthermore, in 2020, the challenges to deal with food insecurity and malnutrition became even greater due to the coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) pandemic (Masniadi et al, 2019; Maryani and the Princess, 2020; Susilawati et al, 2021). The Central Statistics Agency (2020) showed that due to the 2.4% economic contraction (comparison between quarters) experienced by Indonesia in the first quarter of 2020, around 1.6 million people fell into poverty between September 2019 and March 2020. The government seeks to address this by expanding the scope of social protection programs. However, the problem is that there is a lack of up-to-date databases of recipient households, which poses a risk of failure to target the most vulnerable groups, such as female households and persons with disabilities. In addition, because the COVID-19 pandemic has also affected the implementation of government policies and programs in the field of health and nutrition, emergency measures are needed to ensure the continuity of these services. Targeting this, there is a lot of advice to policymakers to address the impact of COVID-19 on food security and nutrition. Tackling the impact of COVID-19 requires the government to prioritize a short-term perspective to ensure that the pandemic does not erode the progress made so far in food security and nutrition and ensure that Indonesia can continue its efforts to achieve SDG 2 by 2030.
This community service program is carried out to increase understanding related to the coordination flow of handling food insecurity in Central Java and its obstacles. The broader objective, of this community service program, is also carried out to strengthen collaboration and provide a forum for policymakers and local governments addressing food insecurity, academics, and scientists to discuss and exchange their research results, innovative ideas, and experiences in all aspects of addressing the coordination of food insecurity and its barriers, as well as to identify emerging research topics and determine future directions for achieving better coordination.
The training activities are aimed at elements of the general public, especially those who have a direct or indirect connection to the coordination flow of handling food insecurity in Central Java. The method of conducting the training starts from theoretical and definitive studies of food insecurity, the impact of food insecurity, and indicators of food insecurity. The next stage is a study of the obstacles that arise when coordinating between ministries or institutions or local governments to overcome food insecurity. The final stage of this training is the implementation of directed discussions between community elements, practitioners, and academic experts, several strategies, and action plan plans that can be carried out to improve the coordination flow of handling food insecurity in Central Java.